Nepal and its Hydroelectric Power Potential

1st August 2013

Electricity is one of the most important part of everyday living. It helps people function during their job or at home and it helps generate food sources for countries. If you are planning on a relaxing and adventurous trip, wouldn't you want to stay in a place that will have electricity at your disposal and comfort? Electricity in Nepal can become quite scarce especially in the villages where installing the right equipments to generate electricity is difficult because of their terrain. Many people are hesitant about their trekking trip to the Himalayas because of the issue of electricity but Mount Everest Base Camps usually have it inside the lodges and tea houses where tourists usually stay. Cameras and other devices can also be charged in these places during the trip but it will usually have a fee for the electricity.

Besides the electricity at the base camps, other places do have some, although it is unstable while others have none. Because of this, many people believe that scarcity in electricity is prevalent in Nepal and there are no sources, which can alleviate the problem. There is one solution that the Nepalese government can tap to solve their dilemma regarding the shortage of electricity. Hydroelectric power in the country is quite plausible because of the mountain ranges that have a large amount of water enough to provide electricity throughout the nation.  Using hydroelectric power is also highly advisable for the country as it is safe and free from pollution that may damage the lands and result in the decrease of tourists.

Although there is a huge source of hydroelectric power courtesy of the mountain ranges, many people still experience the shortage of electricity because most of the small and large-scale hydroelectric companies are owned privately or by the government. Geographical locations of some tribes and villages are also a problem, as they cannot be reached by these companies installing the necessary structures for the electricity to reach the people. Transportation is also a hindrance for large-scale hydroelectric power projects. Because of the huge land that needs to be traveled in order to reach villages, construction can take time. Large hydroelectric projects that can solve the problem of electricity shortage will take years up to a decade to finish which would not be an effective solution.

Nepal has provided an ingenious solution for this by constructing small-scale hydroelectric projects that can be done by the members of the village that will be benefitting from it. Farmers and even different villages can work together to create their source of energy through small hydroelectric projects. In this way, they will get the solution they need in a short span of time unlike with major construction projects that would take years to finish. Unfortunately, pushing through with a hydroelectric project whether it is large scale or small scale will cost a lot of money for the construction, materials, and even the transportation during the project building. This is the main reason why hydroelectric power is not tapped at its fullest potential in Nepal, as there is a hindrance in financial resources.

If used properly and the hydroelectric power is harnessed in Nepal, it can uplift the economy and help eradicate poverty. Nepalese people will have stable electricity to function with their tasks and they can even export electricity to other countries since they have a huge source from the mountain ranges. This would greatly help their economy, as hydroelectric distribution can be a good business that will generate foreign revenues from other countries.

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