Nepal’s Battle against Poverty and Inequality

19th July 2013

Despite Nepal being the home of the Himalayas Mountains and other captivating tourist’s spots, the nation is still battling against poverty and inequality

For years, the country has seen changes in their economic and political stand but one thing remains -poverty is still visible especially in the villages where tribes reside. Visitors look forward to their trekking trip up the Mount Everest Base Camp or the guided tours by the Sherpas. They can also immerse themselves with the different culture, festivals, and even religious beliefs through the countryside, temples, and the streets of Nepal. Despite this colorful and eclectic mix of traditions, Nepal has been struggling to eradicate poverty amongst its people with the help of international organizations and NGOs.

One reason why poverty is prevalent all across the country is the unequal treatment among the people inside the place. Because of their religious beliefs, most Nepalese believe in the caste system and accepting whatever caste classification given to them. For the higher castes such as with landlords and powerful people, accepting their fate is never a struggle. However, for those belonging to the lower caste systems, they are forced to do hard labor and sacrifices for a small amount of money that is not enough to give all members of the family enough food, shelter, clothing, education, and medical services. Besides the caste system, there is also inequality in land distribution so there are plenty of families displaced in their own homeland.

Slavery is another cause why poverty is prevalent in the nation. The tradition of enslaving those with no power has been in effect years ago and up to now, many people, especially women and children, still feel the effects of slavery. Due to the political and economic changes that the country experienced in the past, instability became the breeding ground for powerful people to become masters, enslaving those under them.

Lack of education or illiteracy also results in widespread poverty, as people cannot find a job that would help them earn enough money to survive. Lack of education is also the reason why many people enter slavery as they can get money here even without learning how to read or write. Unfortunately, their alternative form of earning money such as slavery and prostitution is extremely dangerous, degrading, and they usually are underpaid.

To solve the problems of poverty, it is not enough to depend on the growing tourism that the Himalayas Mountains bring. While it helps the economy of the country, it does not solve the roots of the problem. Long-term plans should be put into action to solve illiteracy and inequality among the people. By fighting the root cause of poverty, only then will the nation fight poverty effectively. Nepal is not the only nation who is battling poverty for years. Illiteracy and inequality is prevalent in different parts of the world and the United Nations Organization has come up with a plan to help these places including Nepal. The Millennium Development Goals aid nations in developing its people and the country in general by implementing programs that uplift the socio economic standing of everyone.

Besides the United Nations Organization, there are plenty of international movements and NGOs that are open for volunteers and contributions to help uplift the lives of those residing in Nepal. Tourists are given a great opportunity to help Nepal through their visits by not only strengthening the tourism in the nation but also extending their assistance through different groups. There is plenty of information available on the internet or through travel agencies that visit Nepal all year round. People can do their part to help Nepal by knowing more about the problem and becoming a part of the solution. 

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