All You Need to Know about trekking to Mount Everest Base Camp

6th July 2012

Going on an adventure is exciting and fun for many people especially when they go hiking or trekking in the mountains. One famous destination for avid hikers, trekkers, or even adventure seeking individuals is Mount Everest Base Camp. inconveniences along the way.

The spectacular mountain peaks and the challenges Everest poses are enough to encourage anyone seeking to have a life changing experience. But before people leave for their great adventure, they should be well aware of the preparation and planning that would help them avoid

It is not a secret that trekking to Mount Everest Base Camp is hard but there are things that people can do beforehand to help them cope with their expedition. It would be a shame if someone would spend their whole adventure feeling sore, tired, and uncomfortable since they would miss out on what the region has to offer. So before leaving the house for an Everest adventure, people should prepare properly so that that they can enjoy and appreciate all the aspects of their expedition.


The first thing people should realise before going to Mount Everest is that they will spend numerous hours each day trekking. This requires stamina, energy, and moderate to strong cardio endurance in order to complete the whole trek. What people can do as preparation is to exercise a few times a week prior to leaving for the trip. They can go jogging, running, walking, swimming or cycling. This would help condition their body and strengthen their stamina and cardio endurance.


People should also realise that carrying their own rucksack adds weight and considerable difficulty to their trek. It is recommendable that local porters carry the rucksacks of all trekkers as this increases the probability of a successful summit to Mount Everest Base Camp. This is especially true at high altitude as the air is thinner and the trek becomes physically more difficult. Another pre-trekking training tip is to trek in your own country whilst carrying your rucksack full of the things you will take on your trip. This will condition your muscles to carry a heavier weight than just your body. When you are trekking in the Everest Region without your rucksack and your legs are getting tired, you will perform better and enjoy the whole experience more.


One challenge that Mount Everest definitely poses is altitude. All trekkers have to endure altitudes that gradually ascend up Everest Base Camp at 5445m. Your body naturally gets use to higher altitudes and most people will experience only mild headaches and reduced sleep in their final days of their ascent. In order to minimise the probability of altitude symptoms, most treks ascend slowly and include 2 or 3 days for acclimatization. This entails trekkers sleeping in the same location as the previous night which gives the body time to become accustomed to the reduced level of oxygen in the air.


For those with stronger altitude symptoms, such as vomiting and intense headaches, the only way is down the mountain until the symptoms are less severe and fade away. Many trekkers take Diamox to alleviate altitude symptoms and Diamox is also used as a method of altitude sickness prevention.  Unlike pain killer that mask the symptoms of altitude sickness, Diamox has a physiological impact on the body by changing the ph levels in the blood stream which is affected by the reduced levels of oxygen. Diamox can be easily purchased in the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu.


To combat altitude sickness and for good physical performance you must stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water and liquids and refrain from consuming alcohol. One highlight of the tea houses of the Himalayas is that they serve delicious ginger, honey, and lemon tea that can be ordered all day. If you do not like water then try and drink few cups of this tea every day. If you do feel tired or get ill, a fantastic rehydration drink is Sprite with salt. This combination of sugar and salt is perfect for a speedy recovery as is similar to rehydration powders. Tourists should not drink the local water as this will lead to sickness. Water can be purchased in bottles at tea houses, or trekkers can simply elect to treat water with iodine or chloride. A good tip is to add a vitamin tablet to treated water so that this taste is more appealing.


Keeping up your energy levels by eating regularly is essential. On route to Everest Base Camp there are numerous tea houses where you can enjoy meals, drinks, and snacks. Try and eat 3 main meals per day plus numerous snacks such as chocolate and granola bars. As you trek further and the altitude increases, so do the food prices as they have to be carried from Lukla or Kathmandu. It can be advantageous to stock up on snacks in Kathmandu or before your leave your home for your Himalayan adventure.


Taking sufficient breaks allows you to enjoy the trek, take in the Himalayan views, and keep up your stamina levels. If you start trekking early in the morning you will have ample time for frequent breaks. This is especially important at high altitude as taking the trek slowly eases and prevents the discomfort most people feel in high altitudes.


Before going on a trip to Nepal, trekkers should secure the necessary items that would help them get by during their trek in the Himalayas; a warm sleeping bag, warm and practical clothes, a pair of shorts for the day time, a torch, a woolly hat, trekking poles, a pair of pre-used trekking boots, and a waterproof jacket. At high altitude the nights can get very cold so make sure you have sufficient layers to wrap up warm.


Going on a trekking trip to the Himalayas can be the dream of many people. Trekkers should make sure though that they prepare thoroughly so that they make it all the way to Everest Base Camp and have a fantastic and enjoyable experience.

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